New Technologies

The robotic sector in China

The robotic sector in ChinaIt is not surprising that China, the country with the biggest population in the world, is a leader in various sectors. One of them is robotics. Although the Yellow Giant arrived late to the age of robots, it has not taken her long to start competing with her Asian neighbors.

After industrial automation

The economic boom experienced by the People’s Republic of China over the past 30 years has one of its fundamental pillars in the manufacturing industry. However, with the development of new technologies, the human being has ceded spaces within the production lines.

Since 2013, China has been a world leader in installed industrial robots, leaving Japan behind. It also accumulated 25% of the world sales of the sector; however, it still has a lot of room to grow.

An attractive market for foreign investors

The large-scale automation of the Asian country’s industries began in 2006. But it was in 2015 when it became a matter of state, with the publication of the Made in China 2025 plan. One of the short and medium term goals of this road map is to reduce the nation’s technological gap with other countries, with its competitors.

However, China’s robotic industry alone cannot meet domestic needs. Therefore, imports of systems manufactured abroad, most of them from Japan and Singapore, remain a fundamental pillar.

China must also import a high number of components for the construction of its own machines. Therefore, the robotic market of the Asian giant is very attractive to manufacturers and investors in the sector from all over the world.

Employament crisis?

The growing industrial robotisation has placed this debate on the world stage for several years. The most optimistic point out that what is involved is the optimisation of processes and achievement of improvements in the quality of life of citizens. On the other hand, the most pessimistic think that the number of vacancies for “human” workers will be progressively reduced.

This is one of the challenges faced by China, in addition to its progressive growth within the robotics sector at the industrial level. Most analysts argue that at some point the average skilled workers will not be able to compete against the machines. This can result in a lot of products, but few people being able to acquire them.

The robotic sector in China, beyond the big industries

The assistance services, professional and domestic, have also shown an important growth within the robotics sector in the Asian nation. Several robots that serve as nurses in hospital centers or as traffic police are already underway.

Some nurseries have already “hired” androids to serve as classroom aids. They are machines that include reading stories or reinforcing acquired knowledge.

Foster homes for the elderly have also included robotic assistants in their payrolls. One of the multiple tasks that occupy them is to remind patients when they should take their medication. Some models have even been designed to engage in conversation.

The specialists do not believe that the robots will completely displace the human being in these tasks. At least, not until a machine is built that has feelings and develops empathy.

Writings EurochinaBridge.com

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